IBPS Clerk, RRB PO & Assistant NICL AO – Notes on Tenses with Examples
- Nov 22, 2016
English/Verbal Ability is one of the most important section in Bank/SSC/RRB exams and perhaps it is the nightmare for numerous aspirants. Examiner wants to assess an examinee’s ‘ reading skills as well as reasoning prowess through English/Verbal Ability questions. For scores of students after racking their brains English/Verbal Ability has become Gordian knot. Keeping this in our mind here we are rendering you Notes on Tenses. Under this you will get some rules which are frequently used in Sentence Correction or Error detection questions. We anticipate all of you would find this article viable.
Present Indefinite Tense (Simple Present Tense):
Affirmative/Positive: Subject + First Form of the Verb
Rule : Subject + VERB + s/es in 3d person singular (ONLY in 3d person singular) .
Note: For 3rd Person Singular (he/ she/ it/name) add ‘s’ to the First Form.
I/ You/ We/ They work in a bank.
He/ She/it/Ram works in a bank.
- You speak English.
- She speaks (3rd person singular)
- They speak English.
- He speaks (3rd person singular)
In Simple Present when you want to ask questions, you have to use auxiliary verbs such as DO and DOES (3d person singular).
[“In Simple Present when you want to ask questions, you have to use auxiliary verbs such as DO and DOES”]
- Do you speak English?
- Does she speak English?
The answers to these questions will also require the use of auxiliary verbs DO and DOES.
- Do you speak English? Yes, I do/No, I don’t.
- Does she speak English? Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
Negative: Subject + don’t/ doesn’t + First Form of the Verb
I/ You/ We/ They don’t (do not) work.
He/ She/ It/Ram doesn’t (does not) work.
Interrogative: Question Word + do/does + Subject + First Form of the Verb
Where do I/ you/we/they work?
Where does he/ she/it/Ram work?
Some General Rules with Examples:
1. Usual, regular action:
- I usually go fishing at weekends. I don’t go fishing at weekends. Do I go fishing at weekends?
- You always know the answer. You don’t always know the answer. Do you always know the answer?
- She never puts milk in her tea. She doesn’t put milk in her tea. Does she ever put milk in her tea?
- My father plays the violin. My father doesn’t play the violin. Does your father play the violin?
- We sometimes go to the cinema on Friday. We don’t go to the cinema on Friday. Do we go to the cinema on Fridays?
- They never walk in the wood. They don’t walk in the wood. Do they walk in the wood?
2. General existence; stating a fact:
- An ostrich has two legs. A rabbit doesn’t have two legs. How many legs does a spider have?
- The earth goes round the sun. The sun doesn’t go round the earth. Does the moon go round the earth?
- Water is liquid at room temperature. Gold isn’t liquid at room temperature. Is gold solid at room temperature?
3. Dramatic narrative (theater, sports, etc. events):
- Johnson takes the ball, he bounces it to the floor, then he throws and scores two points.
- The train leaves at half past four. The train doesn’t leave at five. What time does the train leave?
- The course starts on 1 July. The course doesn’t start in June. When does the course start?
Will be continued…