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English Quiz Based on New Pattern for IBPS PO Prelims Set - 22

image 2017-10-10 13:52:43
English Quiz Based on New Pattern for IBPS PO Prelims Set - 22

Directions: Read the passage given below and then answer the questions given below the passage. Some words may be highlighted for your attention. Pay careful attention

The aisles at Lotte Mart in Beijing's Wangjing district were strangely quiet early this week. A few elderly shoppers pushed trolleys; shop assistants tidied the supermarket's shelves. Customers have been scarce since "something happened" a few weeks ago, says one cashier. That event was a deal signed on February 28th by Lotte, a South Korean firm, allowing America to build an anti-missile system on land the company owns in South Korea. China's government has responded by encouraging an outpouring of public anger directed not just at Lotte, whose shops in China are now being boycotted, but almost anything South Korean.
Nationalism is a familiar weapon in China's diplomatic armoury. The last time the government made such a sustained effort to whip it up was in 2012, shortly before Xi Jinping came to power, when officials encouraged protests against Japan's nationalisation of islands it controls in the East China Sea that are also claimed by China. South Korea is not a usual target. But China is furious at its decision to deploy the missile- defence system, known as THAAD (the first components of which arrived in South Korea on March 6th). America says THAAD will help defend the peninsula against North Korea. China says America will use the system's powerful radar to "snoop" on its missiles too, reducing their potency as a deterrent.

In recent weeks state media have been publishing daily attacks on South Korea's "erroneous decision". The Global Times, a jingoistic newspaper in Beijing, has encouraged Chinese consumers to "become the main force in teaching Seoul a lesson". It said they should "make it hurt".

Censors often try to rein in online discussion when it threatens to boil over into real-world protests. But they are allowing netizens to vent rage at South Korea. One group of online nationalists called on "all patriots to unite and show South Korea what we can do". A famous beauty blogger exhorted the 2.7m followers of her microblog to boycott goods from the country and not to travel to it. A patriotic pop-song has been played more than 3.5m times since its release on March 8th. It includes the lyrics: "Chinese sons and daughters must stand up; everybody, stop buying Lotte; make them get out of China fast."

Lotte owns about 100 supermarkets in China, as well as other businesses. They have been badly hit. The company has been subjected to sudden and simultaneous tax and safety inspections. Ten of its shops have been shut for violating fire codes. The website of Lotte Duty Free crashed after a cyber-attack. Several e-commerce sites have stopped selling Lotte's goods and some suppliers have ceased doing business with the company.

The tourism industry has also been disrupted. South Korea is normally a popular destination, but many Chinese travel agencies have recently reduced or halted trips there (seemingly on the government's orders). Others have been warning customers that it is dangerous to go. Airlines from both countries have been reducing services. On March 11th about 3,000 Chinese tourists refused to leave their ship when it docked at the South Korean resort of Jeju, apparently in protest against THAAD.

But China's leaders worry about any popular movement that does not involve the Communist Party— even one that is led by nationalists who profess to be on the government's side. Mr Xi, despite his own nationalist rhetoric, has been wary of letting passions flare too high. Officials tried to dampen them last year when a tribunal in The Hague rejected China's claims in the South China Sea. Only a few small protests erupted. The party's main mouthpiece, the People's Daily, praised the public's low-key response at the time as evidence of a "brand-new level of patriotism".

In the case of THAAD, the government clearly believes that a more heated public response may persuade South Korea's next president, who is due to be chosen in May, to reconsider its deployment. But officials are still anxious. There were more police outside Wangjing's Lotte Mart this week than customers inside. Some dozed in vans, waiting in case of trouble.

A protest against South Korea on March 5th in the north-eastern city of Jilin conveyed a hint of what the government fears: that protesters may use displays of patriotism to vent other grievances. Some demonstrators in Jilin carried portraits of Mao Zedong (pictured). Despite appearances, these do not necessarily suggest agreement with the party line. People sometimes use them to poke at the current leadership—Mao symbolises an era that was, as some Chinese remember it, a better one for the underprivileged. Mr Xi worries about THAAD, but trouble at home disturbs him more.

Q1.  What can be inferred about the people of China from their action of protesting against South Korea?
a. The Government is very strong in China and people abide by its rules blindly.
b. The Koreans are underprivileged and the Chinese know very well how to take advantage of it.
c. The people of China are extreme nationalists and are overt about their love for the country without going into deep judgement.
d. The Chinese are being blind or ignorant of their economic drawbacks because of their protests.
e. The Chinese believe in super dominance and in no way would they support any step of USA.

Q2  How are the protests affecting Lotte, if at all?
a. The Chinese wanted to make the Korean expansion lesser and strict policies are formed against them.
b. Lotte is being affected financially as the products and shops are being banned and closed.
c. Lotte is being banned all over the world thus it is facing a tough time in its business.
d. The protests have led to the cancellation of the deal thereby affecting the good name of the firm.
e. The protests have strengthened ties between USA and Korea.

Q3.  What is the concern of the President of China regarding protests of the people?
a. It should not backfire on him and his leadership should not be questioned.
b. The protests should be done in that extent that Korea reconsiders the deal.
c. China does not want its enmity with America to be seen so openly.
d. China does not want to be the target of the missile program because of these protests.
e. The President is worried about the ever slowing economic conditions affected due to banning Korean products.

Q4. What is the main objective of China behind all the protests done against Korea?
a. To make USA aware of its powers.
b. To make Korea understand that without China its economic relations would not stabilize.
c. To make Korea understand its supremacy.
d. To make the new President of Korea reconsider the deal with America.
e. To make Korea its permanent ally and weaken USA.

Q5. What is the main idea of the passage?
a. Nationalism used as a strong weapon against other countries.  
b. Weakening economic ties helps to achieve better supremacy.
c. The strength of USA is indomitable and its influence is still the most.
d. China has started being against USA in an open manner.
e. China has become stronger than USA and its influence in Asia is the greatest.

Q6. How would the anti- missile system launched in Korea affect China?
a. It would make South Korea stronger.
b. It would make USA stronger.
c. It would lead to dangerous situations for China.
d. It would cause differences between North Korea and South Korea thereby affecting China.
e. It would lead to economic losses for China.

Q7. Which of the following has the opposite meaning of 'wary as used in the passage?
a. Callous
b. Callow
c. Peaceful
d. Careless
e. Calm

Q8. What do you mean by the idiom 'make it hurt' as used in the passage?
a. Make someone cry
b. Make someone repent
c. Cause serious problems for someone
d. Destroy someone completely
e. Be hostile towards someone

Q9. Which of the following has a meaning same as 'jingoistic?
a. Extreme nationalist
b. Ruthless
c. Imbecile
d. Rash
e. Private

Q10. How has tourism been included in the protests?
a. China has stopped the Korean tourists from visiting China.
b. The newspapers have published anti-Korean articles to affect their tourism.
c. The transport facilities to Korea have been stopped from China.
d. Koreans have been banned from the tourism centers of China.
e. China has stopped all projects with Korea that included their major tourist spots.

Answers

Ans1. (c)
From the protests of the Chinese people it can be clearly understood that the people are blind nationalists and follow any policy to show their dominance and protect their country. This is an example of their extreme nationalism. Thus option 3 is the correct answer.

Ans2.  (b)
The Chinese protests have directly affected economic condition of Korea and specially Lotte. Their products have been banned and many shops have been shut down. Thus option 2 is the correct answer.

Ans3. (a)
The President is concerned that the nationalist protests should not defame him or impugn his leadership. It should not raise any issue against him. In short it should not lead to any problem inside the country. Thus option 1 is the correct answer.

Ans4. (d)
It has been mentioned in the passage, In the case of THAAD, the government clearly believes that a more heated public response may persuade South Korea's next president, who is due to be chosen in May, to reconsider its deployment.' Thus option 4 is the correct answer.

Ans5. (a)
The whole passage talks about extreme nationalism being followed by the Chinese people to support their country. Economic ties have been destroyed and business has suffered tremendously but the people have held their opinion on this. Thus option 1 is the correct answer.

Ans6. (b)
The anti-missile system would make USA strong and this means 'bad news' for China. Thus option 2 is the correct answer.

Ans7. (d)
The word 'wary' means 'cautious'. Thus option 4 is the word that best expresses the opposite meaning.

Ans8. (c)
The idiom 'make it hurt' means 'cause serious problems for someone'. Thus option 3 is the correct answer.

Ans9. (a)
The word jingoistic' means 'extreme nationalist'. Thus option 1 is the correct answer.

Ans10. (d)
It has been mentioned in the passage 'South Korea is normally a popular destination, but many Chinese travel agencies have recently reduced or halted trips there (seemingly on the government's orders): Thus option 4 is the correct answer.